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S.) later than might be observed on other types of bottles; perhaps as late as being the mid-1870s and that is a decade+ later on than generally viewed on American-produced utilitarian sort bottles (Switzer 1974; empirical observations).
The in another way formed oil bottle pictured into the left is embossed with PURE / IMPORTED / OLIVE OIL / ALLEN & LEWIS / PORTLAND, ORE. / U. S. A. and has the initial label stating a similar information in a more vibrant (pretty much) manner in addition to noting that it absolutely was the Preferred Stock Brand. This is another form which is considerably carefully recognized with olive oil - at the least within the West Coast - although was made use of significantly less frequently than the styles reviewed earlier mentioned (Zumwalt 1980; empirical observations). Allen & Lewis commenced their partnership in 1861 and ongoing right until at the least 1917 (and probably afterwards).
Earlier examples (ca. 1890 and prior to), like most other sort bottles, experienced cork accepting finishes of one sort or A further. Even so, with the 1890s and later on, externally threaded finishes with metallic screw caps grew to become raising the most common closure/finish combination for ketchup. Most models also had some sort of molded entire body and/or shoulder features like vertical system ribs (graphic to your still left; typical on 1890s to nineteen twenties bottles) or vertical human body aspect panels (usually eight sides or maybe more) as shown through the bottles pictured below. Flat panels on the body are quite common of bottles from about 1910 to no less than the mid-20th century (and also right now on glass ketchup bottles even now getting used; most ketchup now comes in plastic).
Additional classes and/or sub-classes will Pretty much unquestionably be included as potential updates to this page.
Begin to see the introduction to this "Canning Jars" area over for common manufacturing associated diagnostic relationship information for canning jars.
The picture to the remaining is of a late 1860s quart jar by using a metal cap and spring clip accepting complete. (Picture courtesy of Greg Spurgeon Antiques.) This jar is embossed with File. J. BODINE / Suppliers / PHILADELPHIA, PA. , was blown in the post-base mold, and has a ground rim complete which has a mildew formed helical lug "thread" under the rim to which the spring clip clamped and rotated tight.
Neither an Owens suction scar or valve/ejection mark on the base. It should be noted that the majority mouth-blown milk bottles were being blown in the cup-bottom mould, reflecting the manufacturing tactics of that time period, i.
Barrel mustards are typified because of the rather uniform designs shown here. Other than the molded rings and cylindrical form, these bottles have rather huge bores (1" or more) for easy merchandise obtain, typically a definite pedestal heel/base, a slender banded 1 part complete, plus a body that distinctly bulges outwards in the middle with equally the finish and base remaining narrower in diameter. Glass makers catalogs, such as the Illinois Glass Organization, referred to these bottles as "barrel mustards" and presented them sizes ranging from 3 oz. to the quart though the most commonly encountered sizing seems to be around 6-eight ounces (Illinois Glass Co. 1903,1906,1911; empirical observations). By 1920, the barrel mustards were being staying supplied with screw thread finishes (for that "American Steel Cap") through the Illinois Glass Firm and cork complete examples ended up evidently not accessible (Illinois Glass Co.
Obelisk Brand Pickles - This colorless bottle is embossed horizontally on 1 panel with OBELISK / BRAND / TRADE (impression of an Egyptian obelisk with palm trees) MARK / PICKLES/ Seaside & SHERWOOD / N. Y. The Seaside & Sherwood partnership started about 1876 - the merging of the pickling issue and vinegar maker - and lasted as a result of at least the late 1880s, while Sherwood was also pointed out to generally be an "importer" in 1893 (Zumwalt 1980). This example is just under six" (fifteen cm) tall, contains a tooled, a single-portion wide (for It is really compact sizing) patent finish, and was blown within a cup-base mold with some evidence of air venting incorporated in the embossing sample.
The rather ornate, square pickle bottle pictured for the left was most likely created involving 1860 and 1870. It absolutely was blown in the put up-bottom mould (an strange square mildew post plate) without any proof of air venting and it has no proof of the pontil scar on The bottom. It also has a kind-typical rolled complete which was shaped by reheating glass with the shearing or cracking-off place after which you can rolling the pliable glass out and again on the extreme higher part of the neck with some type of glassworkers Instrument. It is usually tough to tell on these form finishes if it was shaped from independently used glass or by just Doing the job the reheated present glass in the blowpipe removing issue.
This style 1st appears to have appeared to be a late mouth-blown merchandise check out this site Though machine-created illustrations are much more usually encountered and sure to start with happened around 1905. This extensive mouth design is a sort most quickly tailored to The brand new semi-computerized equipment that were getting significantly frequent within the early 1900s (Illinois Glass Co. 1903, 1906). The footed olive appears to have continued into not less than the early 1930s, although seem to be unusual following that time as other a lot more straight, uninterrupted sided (without any shoulder constriction ridge) designs became additional well-known (Fairmount Glass ca. 1930; Lucas County Bottle Co. ca. 1940s). The pictured example is equipment-made and has a slight "straw" tint indicating that selenium and/or arsenic was utilized as being the glass decolorizer.
Click on Crosse & Blackwell chow chow bottle to check out A similar bottle with the first label from this venerable English corporation which commenced in 1706 which is reportedly nonetheless carrying out organization nowadays (Zumwalt 1980; Caniff 1997). A lot of (although not all) from the mouth-blown bottles employed by Crosse & Blackwell have C & B embossed on the base, a similar Bodily producing relevant capabilities because the pictured bottle to the proper, and date with the very same time period noted over (Toulouse 1971). Click on Crosse & Blackwell chow chow devoid of base embossing to look at an example found in Montana that has a fragmental label indicating use by Crosse & Blackwell but without the need of C & B embossed on the base. (Photograph courtesy of Scott Snyder.)
Definitely, the most typical class of canning jars to the earlier 125+ decades were being those using some Model of an exterior ongoing screw thread complete closure. At The pinnacle of this checklist are definitely the "Mason" fruit jars which used a zinc screw cap which was typically lined which has a milk glass liner (that was frequently - even in the earliest days - incorrectly known as a "porcelain" liner) although the earliest lids were being described to acquire experienced colorless glass liners (Roller 1983, 2011).
comm. 2007). On condition that the lifespan of the intensely utilised mildew for a well known generic style bottle style similar to this was possible just a couple yrs, you can be self-assured this bottle dates through the mid-1860s. Simply click near-up of your higher embossing pattern, neck and finish to check out these attributes.